From the period of January 2013 to December 2015, it will be illegal to rip music from a legally purchased CD. It will be basically against the law to actually use an iPod.
Something is terribly wrong.
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act was conceived in 1998, deep in the reptilian hindbrains of our beloved legislators, to try and put fences and rules around something that they fundamentally didn’t understand: computers. The law basically says that, even if you pay for something, you are not allowed to make copies of it. This may have sounded like a logical rule at the time. After all, if you photocopy an entire book, and give it to a friend, you are breaking copyright law. The idea was, if you buy a CD, burn a copy, and then give it to a friend that is the same as photocopying a book.
The problem with the DMCA, is that the law specifically states that it is illegal to circumvent software designed to prevent the copying intellectual properties. Again, this sounds like a reasonable rule, except the law was written before the invention of the iPod, or the ability to purchase mp3s online. Though most people don’t know it, most CDs have for a long time had copy protection schemes built-in, that hugely popular media programs like iTunes and Windows Media Player completely ignore. Enter the iPod, and suddenly everyone wants to rip music from CDs, to be played on their handy dandy mp3 players. Until relatively recently, buying an mp3 on the internet just wasn’t possible, and the only way to get an mp3 legally was to rip them from CDs. Now, most people’s music collections are in CD format, and ripping them to mp3 will soon be against the law.
There are groups that lobby to the Librarian of Congress to allow exceptions be made to the rules of the DMCA for specific cases. For some reason, this time around, the Librarian decided to not allow the ripping of content from CDs or DVDs for any reason. This means that if you transfer music from a CD to your computer, to your iPod, to Google Play, you are breaking the law.
SOPA was a bad idea, for a number of reasons, but primarily because it would have set up an American version of the Great Firewall of China, and allowed the government and certain groups of people the ability to break parts of the internet at will. Because they tried to pass SOPA in 2012, when most people know just how bad an idea it is. The DMCA however, was passed by people who didn’t understand what they were doing, at a time when nobody knew enough to care and oppose it.
In this cloud-happy modern age, when it is less and less clear when you actually own something you have paid for, or you are merely being provided a service designed to feel like ownership, we need to have new laws that are clear, and not subject to change, regarding exactly what your rights are when you purchase music. If I buy a CD in a store, I should own it, and be able to damn well do what I please with it. As long as I don’t give away a copy of the music to someone else, I should be able to rip the music to my computer, burn a copy of the CD, transfer it to my iPod, back it up to Dropbox, or stream it via Spotify.
While the European Union is granting the end users of purchased content more rights, American law is right now feeling very antiquated, is slow to respond to, and refuses to understand new technologies.
I’m sticking to the effects the new rules have on your ability to do what you want with your music collection, but Ars Technica has a great write up of just how confused and bass-ackwards the whole thing is.